PAT Testing Course

PAT Testing Mock Exam

There are 50 questions in this PAT Testing Mock Exam. You must score 80% (40 out of 50) to pass. You may review answers after each question by clicking the 'check answer' button or you can wait until the end of the test for your final score. Good luck!

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PAT testing, or portable appliance testing to give it’s a full name, is the process of inspecting electrical equipment for safety purposes. This is a routine task conducted every day, in both public and private sector workplaces. Indeed, employers have a responsibility to provide safe electronic appliances for their employees to use.

A solid PAT testing programme allows businesses to demonstrate compliance, and protects colleagues against associated hazards. Furthermore, given society’s increasing reliance on electrical equipment, these assessments offer organizations assurances in the functionality of their kit. For industrial enterprises manufacturing large quantities of items, it’s essential that production lines do not fail. And, in office environments, desktops storing important data, and operating systems powering commercial activity, need to remain accessible. In both cases, PAT testing serves to mitigate against the risks of these processes failing.

Non-statutory, but still critical

There is no formal legislation relating to the delivery of PAT testing. Indeed, businesses have no obligation to schedule PAT testing checks. Therefore, there is also no official statutory ruling on the frequency, quality, and recording of such examinations. However, as referenced, the ultimate accountability for the provision of safe equipment falls on the employer. This element is articulated in the Health and Safety Executive’s (HSE) guidance on this matter. Furthermore, should a company preside over an incident caused by defective kit, they will still be liable in a court of law.

Here, the potential risks to employee welfare, legal fees, and brand credibility are obvious. Therefore, the vast majority of businesses embrace this form of due diligence. Sometimes, injuries do occur, even when a routine of regular and compliant PAT testing assessments are in place. However, in this instance, companies can argue appropriate control measures have been taken to reduce the likelihood of such an incident occurring.

Qualifying criteria

In theory, as there is no legal imperative to administer testing, businesses can hire anyone to deliver this activity, including internal employees. However, it is highly recommended that PAT testing is executed by a trained, electrical professional. These individuals could be fully-qualified electricians, who have acquired an electrotechnical NVQ, and passed the AM2 assessment. Alternatively, it could be someone who has completed a specific PAT testing course. Qualifications in this discipline are offered by a range of learning bodies, however the most readily used course is the one facilitated by the City and Guilds.

Course considerations

The City and Guilds is a skills and certification provider, who offer an array of vocational courses across a number of sectors. Their reputation in the industry is unrivalled. They offer a number of critical learning modules which helps to enable students acquiring professional status across a range if industries.

This article focuses on the relevant City and Guilds course within the PAT testing discipline. It aims to offer an overview of the content, structure, and assessment format of the qualification. This serves to give prospective candidates a firm grasp on what they can expect from their training. If you’re a fledgling electrical trainee, engaging in a PAT testing course early on in the learning journey could result in being an extremely lucrative endeavour. The average price charged for this service is between £1-2 per item. An electrician with modest experience can conduct, dependent on style of equipment being checked, upwards of 300 PAT tests per day. There, you can quickly gauge the scope of opportunity!

Varied timeframes

Learning providers offer different course lengths based on current capability and exposure to electrotechnical theory. If starting from scratch, information will clearly need to initially be more basic. However, in the industry, this is seen as a relatively straightforward task. Therefore, expected entry-level knowledge for this qualification is somewhat lower than many of the alternative C&G courses. Due to this, delegates who have any level of electrotechnical knowledge whatsoever, are encouraged to opt for qualifications with relatively short timeframes. On average, the duration of the shortened-version of this module is approximately two days, with an additional day attached to the foundation-level programme.


The C&G 2377-77 EET/PAT testing course is dedicated to upskilling candidates on this form of inspection. This is a relatively new qualification which landed in November 2020, combining two previous training modules into one (the C&G 2377-22, and the C&G 2377-32). It’s useful to note the names of these legacy courses, as some more mature colleagues and tutors may still refer to the original series.

Although PAT testing will always remain a central part of an electrician’s task toolkit, the rise of alternative forms of equipment assessment has been noticeable in recent years. So much so, this development has now been reflected in this new course’s official title. The EET element, as expressed above in the qualification’s full name above, refers to general ‘Electronic Equipment Testing’. The module now provides discussion on a number of other electrotechnical procedures that test the safety and performance of a range of electrical devices. Indeed, in contrast to previous years, the industry no longer simply refers to this training as the ‘PAT testing course’.

Code of Practice Note: Inspection and Testing

The IET Code of Practice on the In-service Inspection and Testing of Electrical Equipment, 5th Edition, is a critical piece of documentation for qualifying PAT testers. The IET, or Institute of Engineering and Technology, are an organization who provide guidance and support to industry stakeholders. Furthermore, they collaboratively produce compliance regulations, and advise governments on relevant key policy-making decisions. This note covers the full detail around the practice of electrical equipment testing and is deployed frequently throughout the course. Therefore, participating candidates are encouraged to read this note prior to attending the module.

Exploiting the IET Code of Practice as a set of structured guidelines, this qualification touches on the following themes:

Note content

1. Understanding the information contained in the Code of Practice note, and learning how to apply its theoretical teachings accordingly.

N.B. As with any IET documentation, its crucial that candidates do not just aim to learn its contents ‘off by heart’. In the course’s resultant assessment, and more importantly when out in the trade, simply being able to recite information will not facilitate the compliant delivery, or understanding, of an electrical task. Individuals should aim to absorb the principles and regulations behind the theory, and always consider its application in workplace environments. This will much more suitably prepare delegates for the future challenges of working the electrotechnical industry.

2. Grasping the technical jargon and terminology within the Code of Practice document.

Legal considerations

3. Understanding the legal requirements relating to workplace equipment, and responsibilities of the tester accountable for the execution of EET/PAT testing.

Equipment information

4. Acquiring knowledge on the scope of equipment used in electrical testing disciplines. This includes understanding how to appropriately classify kit dependent on usage requirement.

5. Coaching on how to appropriately inspect electrical testing equipment for faults, and ensuring their accurate calibration. Candidates will also be given information on how these pieces of equipment are constructed.

Test execution and results

6. Understanding how to conduct a full in-service inspection and test. Includes guidance on each stage of examination in sequence order.  This begins at initial visual inspection, and concludes with the physical testing of the appliance.

7. Advice on the frequency of testing specific electrical devices.

8.  Developing an awareness of electrical measurements, and how to calculate these accordingly. Appreciation of relevant formulas, algorithms etc.

Health & Safety

9. Consideration of health and safety measures that are required to be taken in order to ensure safe execution of testing. Learning how to create a robust risk assessment which documents all relevant hazards and potential issues. Also determines control measures necessary to mitigate against these risks.


10. Understanding how to efficiently capture PAT testing results, and logging these onto a suitable report. This record should contain pass and fail detail for each individual item. Any failures should have notes on recommended corrective included, and anticipated timescales for repair.

This list is by no means of exhaustive, but includes the main areas of focus.

Selecting the right path

Before taking this course, you should assess the current stage you’re at within your training plan. Remember, PAT testing can be administered by either those who have undertaken a course such as the C&G 2377-77, or by fully-qualified electrical professionals. Therefore, if you’re approaching your NVQ assessments, it may be worth completing your core learning modules, and acquiring PAT testing clearance this way. Each personal circumstance will be different, as some may favour the ability to accrue earnings prior to acquiring full electrician status.

However, the potential amount of money raised in this pursuit should be offset against the cost of attending a course. The pricing bandwidth between learning providers differs substantially, but delegates should expect to pay in the region of £200-300 to undertake this qualification. Therefore, candidates should review the likelihood of a suitable return on investment, prior to completing their overall studies. In most cases, its advised that those nearing the end of their learning journey, should simply continue on this path. If engaging in an apprenticeship scheme, your training programme will be both fixed and funded. Therefore, unless an exceptional set of circumstances arises, apprentices are encouraged to follow the pathway co-ordinated by tutors and employers.

Assessment structure

At the conclusion of the C&G 2377-77, candidates will be expected to sit two examinations. One is a short practical assessment, where an assessor will determine whether individuals can physically deliver compliant electrical appliance testing. The other is a multiple-choice test, which assesses a delegate’s theoretical understanding within this discipline. The PAT/EET testing course is not renowned for being particularly complex in nature, and most delegates do pass at the first time of asking. However, candidates should not become complacent. Every format of assessment can have its pitfalls, and this is no different to those associated with the 2377-77.

Practical assessment

As always, delivering an activity whilst being observed can be quite a pressurized experience. However, candidates should remember techniques will have been practiced on numerous occasions during their training. Furthermore, it isn’t in a learning providers’ interest to put someone forward for an assessment that they’re not ready for. This could compromise their personal pass rate! Therefore, if you’ve advanced as far as this stage, take confidence from the fact that your tutor believes in you. On exam day, try to relax, remain composed, and methodically deliver the task using the skills learned throughout the course. If you’re a little anxious about the practical assessment, it may be worth asking your tutor if they’re happy to offer provision for additional practice. Clearly, if you’re in employment, you may be able to lean on work colleagues/leadership teams to provide extra support, or opportunities to gain extra experience.

Multiple-choice test

The multiple-choice test consists of fifty questions, with delegates afforded 1 hour and 45 minutes to complete the exam. This means that individuals have just over two minutes per question to provide their responses. This should be more than ample time to answer every question properly. However, don’t be lulled into a false sense of security! It is sometimes assumed that multiple-choice exams are relatively straight-forward, testing students on pre-determined knowledge that, quite simply, they either know, or don’t know. This is not the case!

C&G multiple-choice tests often consist of questions that require individuals to apply relevant formulas to each potential option. Therefore, answers are often found by engaging in a lengthy process of elimination, and therefore are not able to pass by merely learning the subject matter off by heart. This notion reflects the watch-out raised when discussing the importance of understanding the IET’s Code of Practice note. Simply regurgitating information is not an option in this exam. Indeed, you’ll need to have a solid awareness of the principles, regulations and application of relevant electrical theory.

Flagging tool

Every C&G multiple-choice exam is equipped with helpful flagging software. This allows delegates to mark any questions that they deem to be difficult, and re-visit these at the end of the exam. Effective deployment of this tool will sustain momentum, and ensure that no questions are left unanswered. It’s essential that every question receives an answer- you just don’t know whether a guess may get you over the line! The pass benchmark for this exam is 80%. However, if you’ve established a good revision routine, and have been attentive during the course, there’s no reason why you shouldn’t target a score higher than this.

The open-book pitfall!

This test is open-book, which means delegates can bring approved literature into the exam hall (or remote environment) with them. For this exam, the permitted document is the IET Code of Practice on In-serve Inspection and Testing, 5th edition, as discussed earlier. However, don’t fall into the trap of referring to this text too often during your exam. Some candidates sitting open-book formatted exams have been known to practically self-grade papers. Constantly sense-checking responses against the accompanying documentation is usually a fairly pointless endeavour. If you’re confident you’ve provided the right answer, then press on. Repeatedly reviewing each question will only detract from the time you have, and certainly won’t earn you any extra points. The Code of Practice should be used as a supportive crutch to help with challenging formulas and theoretical complexities. Do not use it as a glorified answer sheet!


The C&G 2377-77 is an all-encompassing electrical equipment testing course, which arms its delegates with the skills necessary to conduct PAT testing in the trade.

Becoming a certified PAT tester can be an extremely financially advantageous enterprise. However, if keen to start offering services in this field, candidates should weigh up whether its more cost-effective to finish up their full training programme first. Remember, both qualified electricians and those successfully navigating the C&G 2377-77 are empowered to conduct this testing in the open industry. Course prices are roughly £200-300, so one should review earnings potential in the context of future earnings and current, short-term costs.

By analysing the content, structure and assessment schedule, prospective delegates should be able to ascertain whether attending this course is conducive to their immediate training, and future career aspirations. If deciding to undertake this qualification, ensure that you’re well-versed on its examination formats. Approaching these in the right way is clearly of paramount importance in aiming to be successful on this course.

PAT testing is a task with high responsibility, as the appliances being tested are often used day-in, day-out, by a large volume of people. Companies rely on electricians to deliver a compliant testing service to protect the welfare of its people.  Therefore, it’s critical that this training, and the future implementation of this discipline whilst in the field, is given your full focus and commitment.

Final thoughts

If you require any further information on the C&G 2377-77 EET/PAT testing course, then it may be worth liaising with a tutor or, if possible, an industry professional with PAT testing experience. Alternatively, you may want to visit the course page on the official City and Guilds website, by clicking the following link.

If this qualification is something you decide to pursue, then please ensure you fully digest the advice included in this note. Furthermore, we wish you the best of luck on your course, and, perhaps more importantly, its resultant exams!